Sustainability science came into the limelight in the 21st century that defines a new academic area. The discipline was introduced during the biggest World Congress, Challenges of a Changing Earth 2001, held in Amsterdam. The Congress was organized by an organization that expressed interest in the field. They include:
-International Council for Science (ICSU)
-World Climate Research Programme (WCRP)
-The International Human Dimensions Programme on Global Environmental Change
-The International Geosphere-Biosphere Programme (IGBP)
The field gave focus on its generalities and a wider approach by taking a strong scientific underpinning and analysis because it brought together experts across the globe as well as the practice. William C. Clark gave a proposal that the field can be taken as neither basic nor applied type of research but can be explained by the issues it tackles but not by the discipline it uses, thereby serving the need for extending both action and knowledge by involving a flexible bridge between the two. In simpler terms, this filed deals with examining the relationship that exist between environmental, human and engineered sectors to deduce and come up with solutions for complex problems that endangers the humanity future and life in general (integrity of life support system of the planet) –they may include: biodiversity loss, climate change, water pollution and land degradation.
Sustainability science can be as well referred to as sustainability or sustainability development. Defined by Scholars from Harvard University, they defined sustainability science as: A problem-proven, inter-related field that involves Scholars from the different perspective of life that aims at designing, implementing and evaluation of proven measures that gives shared success and lower the poverty level while protecting the environment as well.’ Others have given a broader view of sustainability development, making emphasis on the urgent need to analyze the initial cause of the unsustainability fundamental of the underlying economic system, giving emphasis on improved growth to solve social and politic paradigm and giving harmonious living among others.
Given sub-titles relates to the literature of sustainability.
Knowledge of Structuring Issues.
Knowledge structuring a fundamental step to attain a proper and well-thought sustainability challenges which are interconnected and complex. Knowledge structuring is required as a response to the government, industry, and academia. Upon receiving full support from all the disciplines with a perfect structuring, a knowledge can be deduced as attainable.
Coordination of Data.
Sustainability issue alone cannot be solved without comprehensive research and data collection. Fundamentally, data and research related to sustainability are made a success by organizations, topics and scientific disciplines. The major section of knowledge structuring has to entail setting up the required tools that’s gives an overview of what is already known. Sustainability science constructs and coordinates the main framework where a large amount of data can be reached.
The need for sustainability science to acknowledge the inter-related systems of human and planetary systems needs full cooperation among economic and social discipline, scientific, private and public sectors, government and academia. In summary, it needs a huge global cooperation strength and the main duty of sustainability science is to bring together all integrated inter-disciplinary coordination.